One of the significant political
events of this year will undoubtedly be the Fifth Summit of Heads of State of
the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA),
which will be held on June 15 in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan.
The CICA is an international forum to strengthen cooperation,
established to ensure peace, security and stability in Asia.
The CICA is a very serious organization, including 27 member
states that cover about 90 percent of the territory and population of Asia,
another 8 states and 5 international organizations, including the UN, have
It is interesting that from the initiative of the creation of
the CICA, first announced in October 1992 at the 47th session of the UN General
Assembly, belonged to the first president of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.
"The second aspect on which I would like to dwell is the
problem of peace and security on our continent - Asia, or even wider - Eurasia.
We are talking about the initiative of the Republic of Kazakhstan to hold the
Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA). The
idea of creating on the continent structures of security and cooperation in
Asia in the style of the same structures in Europe has long been in the air, but
has not yet received wide support," said Nazarbayev.
It should be noted that already in this first speech on the
CICA, the Kazakh president clearly outlined his vision of the phased creation
of an OSCE counterpart in Asia. This plan was implemented thanks to the
tremendous work carried out by the diplomatic corps of Kazakhstan under the
leadership of Nazarbayev, with the help of other countries of the continent who
are more interested in this project.
Nazarbayev indicated an approximate time frame for the creation
of the Conference and the mechanism for its continuous interaction with other
continental collective security systems - 2000-2005 years.
And on June 4, 2002 in Almaty, the former capital of Kazakhstan,
opened the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia,
in which delegations from 16 countries took part. Following the summit, the
Almaty Act was adopted - the CICA Charter, and the Declaration on the
elimination of terrorism and the promotion of dialogue among civilizations.
At that time, the Western world did not attach much importance
to this event, but some media drew attention to the fact that the leaders of
India and Pakistan, who traditionally settled in various hotels, somewhat
softened their positions: "It seems that the summit in Alma-Ata has
already proved useful in that it has somewhat reduced the bellicose level of
rhetoric between the two states".
"In modern conditions it is impossible to speak with
confidence about the economic prosperity of our continent without protective
mechanisms that could contribute to a safer existence of the peoples of Asia.
Therefore, I believe that this forum is extremely important not only in terms
of discussing pressing political problems, but also in terms of the necessary
guarantees to ensure sustainable economic growth of our countries, "said
Nazarbayev, speaking at the Summit plenary session.
The Kazakh leader noted that the signing of the Almaty Act does
not mean that tomorrow a structure like the OSCE will be ready. But this document
makes it possible to conduct specific negotiations and consultations to create
the organizational foundations of the CICA.
Currently, the CICA, whose secretariat is located in Kazakhstan,
seeks to strengthen contacts and ties with the UN, regional and international
organizations to support its efforts to strengthen peace, security and economic
development in Asia. Within the framework of the Meeting, there is a special
document - the Catalog of Confidence Building Measures, which contains a list
of confidence building measures in five main dimensions: economic,
environmental, humanitarian, combating new challenges and threats, and
military-political. In general, work has begun on all five dimensions.
At the Fourth CICA Summit, held on May 21, 2014 in Shanghai,
Nursultan Nazarbayev took the initiative to create the Organization for
Security and Development of Asia (OSDA).
"The global crisis in which the world is plunged is a
general civilizational crisis that is systemic. Therefore, we, the countries of
Asia, need to take up the peaceful development of the continent ourselves. OSDA
can become an important tool in this process", said the first president of
By this time, many Asian leaders already had an understanding of
the need to reformat CICA activities, which successfully functioned as an
international forum and dialogue platform. We need an organization that will be
able to deal with urgent intergovernmental problems, primarily economic
cooperation and the resolution of existing conflicts. That is, for the Asian
counterpart of the OSCE, what an OSDA should be, a wide field of activity is
already ready. At the same time, many experts note that the OSDA is to emerge
in more difficult conditions than the OSCE. Nevertheless, all previous work on
the development of the CICA gives grounds to consider the new project to be
Assessing the colossal work that resulted in the emergence of a
new authoritative organization, including the states in which half of the
world's population live, one should not forget how this process began.
So, in 1992, the leader of one of the newly formed states of the
post-communist space comes to the podium of the United Nations and proposes the
creation of an Asian OSCE. What made the representatives of Asian countries,
many of whom count their history for thousands of years, listen to this voice?
Of course, one of Nazarbayev’s decision to close the largest nuclear test site
in Kazakhstan, made even before independence, of which everyone knew, of
course, attracted the attention of this speaker. But, apparently, not only
that. The speech of the Kazakh leader, containing a brief but in-depth analysis
of global and continental politics, succinct and persuasive language,
completely built around the core issue of security in the world, made us
seriously think about the problems that Nazarbayev offered to consider.
Today it is necessary to recognize that the CICA, to a large
extent - the creation of Nazarbayev, as well as the Eurasian Economic Union.
The idea of creating the CICA arose thanks to his great political foresight,
his sense of duty in ensuring regional security and stability in the world as a
The upcoming Fifth CICA Summit is expected to be attended by top
officials from 20 countries. Taking into account the previous developments and
the high level of participation of the CICA member states, it can be expected
that the Summit will be able to give new impetus to the further promotion of
confidence building measures, will be an effective platform for discussing the
most pressing issues of concern to all members of the CICA.